Publication date

May 08, 2019

Edition

preliminary

Abstract

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METEOR Project: ash fall hazard footprints for Rungwe Volcano, Tanzania

Probabilistic ash fall hazard footprints have been produced for a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI; Newhall and Self, 1982)  2 and VEI 4 explosive eruption scenario at Rungwe Volcano for the METEOR project. Rungwe volcano in Southern Tanzania was chosen as it is one of the better-studied volcanoes in Tanzania, with a record of at least seven explosive eruptions within the last approximately 4000 years, including VEI 4 and 5 eruptions at approximately 2000 and 4000 year before present (yrs BP), respectively (Fontijn et al., 2010; Fontijn et al., 2011).

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References

Fontijn, K., Ernst, G.G., Bonadonna, C., Elburg, M.A., Mbede, E., and Jacobs, P., 2011, The~ 4-ka Rungwe Pumice (South-Western Tanzania): a wind-still Plinian eruption: Bulletin of volcanology, v. 73, p. 1353-1368.

Fontijn, K., Ernst, G.G., Elburg, M.A., Williamson, D., Abdallah, E., Kwelwa, S., Mbede, E., and Jacobs, P., 2010, Holocene explosive eruptions in the Rungwe Volcanic Province, Tanzania: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 196, p. 91-110.

Newhall, C.G., and Self, S., 1982, The volcanic explosivity index (VEI): an estimate of explosive magnitude for historical volcanism: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 87, p. 1231-1238.